What is my skin condition?

It turns out to be quite difficult to properly analyze your skin. Research shows that four out of five women are unable to correctly determine their own skin type. If you want to keep your skin healthy and beautiful, it is essential to know your skin type. After all, if you take care of your skin with products that do not suit your skin type, it does little good for your skin. For facial care, skin types are divided into the following categories:

Normal skin

Normal skin feels soft and supple and has an even, even complexion without redness. The skin is neither greasy nor dry, the pores are barely visible. No irritations and impurities (pimples) are visible. Even though the skin has no problems, proper skin care is important to keep your face in balance and to prevent skin aging and wrinkles.

Dehydrated skin

Dehydrated skin often feels rough, less supple and tight. In addition, drying lines and a shine are often visible. The skin loses too much moisture due to damage to the skin barrier. Lack of moisture in the skin can be a major cause of skin problems. You may also suffer from impurities, as these are often caused by skin oils such as sebum and can be present in dehydrated skin. Dehydrated skin often results in dry skin. Care for dehydrated skin is all about hydration.

Dry skin

With dry skin, the skin barrier is damaged and the skin has lost its natural ability to function properly. The skin can therefore feel rough, tight and unpleasant and may show flaky spots, cracks and dry wrinkles. The face may also look dull and gray. With dry skin, the number of fats in the skin is reduced, causing microscopic openings in the upper skin layer, causing the skin to lose too much moisture. Dry skin is therefore sometimes also called low-fat skin. Dry skin care is all about nourishing and restoring the skin's natural protective layer.

Fat skin

Oily skin is often a direct result of increased sebum production. The main characteristic of oily skin is that it shines and feels greasy. This gets worse as the day goes on. With oily skin, the pores are clearly visible. Oily facial skin can be very annoying, especially when it manifests itself in pimples, blackheads or a shiny face. In that case, it is also referred to as impure skin.

Blemished skin

Impure skin can have various causes. One of these causes is excess sebum production. Sebum production is often influenced by your hormone balance. Teenagers and pregnant women are more likely to suffer from this. You can recognize impure skin by pimples, blackheads and dilated pores. These impurities are often found on your forehead, nose and chin (also called the T-zone), but they can also appear on your cheeks, neck, shoulders, décolleté and also on your back.

Combined skin

Most people have combination skin, with areas that are a bit oilier and somewhat drier areas. With combination skin, the cheeks are dry, while the skin around the forehead, nose and chin (also called the T-zone) often feels oilier. The pores in the T-zone are often larger, while the pores on the cheeks are refined. In addition, you may suffer from blackheads and you may experience a shiny T-zone during the day.

Sensitive skin

Half of people have sensitive skin to some extent. This means that the skin reacts quickly to external stimuli and is more out of balance than usual, which can lead to hypersensitivity and minor irritations. The skin is often thinner and has a finer structure. As a result, these stimuli more often result in reactions such as redness and spots or a tight feeling. Sensitive skin often has extreme reactions to stimuli such as changes in temperature or weather or the application of cosmetics.

Dark skin

You would think that the skin of all people is exactly the same and that the skin of all skin colors is constructed in the same way. But that's not true. Dark skin is slightly different in some respects. Dark skin contains more pigment and a thicker stratum corneum, which protects the skin against UV radiation. Dark skin also produces more sebum and is therefore somewhat oilier. In addition, dark skin has larger pores that facilitate perspiration. In the Netherlands the climate is different, to which dark skin can react, for example by clogging the sebaceous glands, which can result in acne. Dark skin is also more sensitive to pigment disturbances, but fortunately less sensitive to the premature development of wrinkles and sagging.

Aging skin from 35 years

In skin over the age of 30, the first signs of skin aging may begin to become visible. This creates fine lines on the forehead, between the eyebrows, near the mouth and near the eyes (also called crow's feet). This is caused by collagen and elastin production in the body slowing down during this period. Due to the lower collagen and elastin content, the skin starts to loosen. The main cause of skin aging is UV radiation, which breaks down the elastin in the skin and accelerates the aging process.

Aging skin from 50 years

In skin over the age of 50, the aging process is often clearly visible. This is because the skin contains less collagen and elastin and the cells' ability to retain moisture is lower. The skin is thinner and weaker and often feels dry. In addition, wrinkles and deeper lines are often visible and pigment spots may appear. The skin may also become somewhat duller in color.

Functions of the skin

The skin is the largest organ of our body. The skin protects us against harmful external influences. It ensures that we do not quickly become overheated, hypothermic or dehydrated. The sense of touch of the skin allows us to feel things and, for example, get goosebumps. Our skin makes us recognizable to the people around us. With the facial expressions we can show joy, sadness or fatigue. In short, our skin makes us who we are and therefore deserves all the attention and care. 

The skin consists of different layers and is covered by a layer of sebum. Below this sebum layer is the stratum corneum, a layer consisting of dead skin cells. This may sound strange, but this layer has two important functions: firstly, it retains chemicals, water and bacteria, and secondly, it prevents moisture from evaporating from the skin and causing the skin to dry out.

The condition of the skin depends on various factors such as age, lifestyle, climate, environment and psychosocial condition. This can cause changes in the skin, causing the skin to become drier, oilier or sagging, for example.

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